Last Updated on June 18, 2023 by David
Guppies belong to the family Poeciliidae, which is a family of small, livebearing fish commonly known as poeciliids. The scientific name for guppies is Poecilia reticulata. They are part of the order Cyprinodontiformes, which includes other popular aquarium fish such as swordtails and mollies. The genus name “Poecilia” is derived from the Greek word “poikilos,” meaning variegated or diverse, referring to the wide range of colors and patterns displayed by guppies. The specific epithet “reticulata” describes the characteristic reticulated or net-like pattern often found on their bodies.
Guppies are native to the freshwaters of South America, primarily inhabiting regions in Venezuela, Barbados, Guyana, and Trinidad. Over time, they have been introduced to various parts of the world and have become widely distributed due to their popularity in the aquarium trade.
In terms of physical appearance, guppies are small fish with elongated bodies and a distinctly upturned mouth, which indicates their preference for surface feeding. Males are typically more vibrant and colorful than females, showcasing a dazzling array of patterns and hues on their fins and bodies. Females, on the other hand, tend to have more subdued colors and a larger, rounder abdomen due to their ability to give live birth.
Poecilia reticulata are known for their adaptability and hardiness, which makes them suitable for a wide range of aquarium setups. They can thrive in various water conditions, but it is important to maintain a clean and well-maintained environment for their optimal health and longevity. The recommended water temperature for guppies is typically between 23-26°C (73-79°F).
Due to their peaceful nature, guppies can coexist with a variety of other fish species in a community aquarium. However, it’s important to consider compatibility in terms of size and temperament when selecting tankmates. Guppies are generally sociable and can be kept in both individual and group setups, providing plenty of swimming space and hiding spots for them to explore.
Overall, guppies are a popular choice for both beginner and experienced aquarium enthusiasts. Their vibrant colors, ease of care, and prolific breeding make them a delightful addition to any freshwater aquarium. Whether you’re captivated by their beauty or fascinated by their reproductive behavior, guppies continue to bring joy and fascination to fishkeepers around the world.
|Yellow, Red, Blue, Black, White, Green, Orange, Multi-colored|
|0.6 – 2.4 inches|
|10 gal (38 l|
|Compatible with non-aggressive species|